2009年2月17日 星期二

留低方案--深水埗民間規劃方案及社區研究報告網頁

http://sspstayplan.wordpress.com
這是另一個由下而上的民間規劃方案,由深水埗重建街坊關注組與專業人士合作構思。
同時,
還有一個詳盡的社區研究報告,由陳允中(香港科技大學城市規劃助理教授)、陳劍青(香港浸會大學地理學碩士研究生及批判地理學會成員)及李維怡(香港理工大學應用社會科學系兼任導師)三位主力,聯同十六位大專學生、研究助理及畢業生的合作而成。

社區研究報告詳盡地部析了深水埗k20-23重建項目內的社區狀況,有助大家了解舊區的特點、長處和需要。

研究摘要


是次研究集中關注香港市區重建與受影響社區之間的關係,希望透過分析自二零零四年起香港房屋協會在「興華街及青山道」K20-K23的重建項目中,受市區重建影響下社區的狀況,探討現今市區重建的策略與模式的社會及經濟意義。

本研究藉著深入訪問十戶生活在受該重建影響的社區人士,並觀察他們的日常生活作息,分析他們的生涯自述,以期能達到三個主要研究目標:

一、從可持續發展的角度,透過探討空間使用、人際關係與經濟運作的狀況以及這三者之間的關係,來深入分析這個舊區的社區網絡性質;

二、檢討現行整體市區重建政策及其在執行上對街坊生活及社區網絡的影響;

三、從可持續發展的角度,評估香港的市區重建和社區發展該走的路向。

研究的結果顯示,深水埗K20-K23重建區的內的社區狀況,本來就已非常符合國際社會所定義的可持續發展社區。這個社區本身已包含豐富的經濟和社會活力:舊區的空間和文化本身衍生了一種生活中基本的互助互惠態度、大量無論對社區還是整體社會都有利的無形社區資產(intangible community capital)、面對未可預知情況的自我恢復、調適的活力、強調直接溝通而帶來的小區經濟和多元經濟生態的可能,等等。其生活形態,已具備了如地理學者Whitehead (2007) 所言的「固有可持續性」 (actually existing sustainability)。同時,研究透過比對深水埗K20-K23重建區與當代商業社會生活的特質,發現在現今的彈性資本主義社會中,保育一些具有深厚關係的社區網絡,對整體社會在人文價值和維持社會和諧兩方面,皆具積極和正面的意義。

總括而言,從對這個深水埗K20-K23重 建區的深入研究,我們發現了現行市區重建的核心價值問題,我們建議政府及執行重建當局,重新檢討現行社區之重建方式,對整體社會的意義。同時,對於研究個 案中的受影響社區,許多無法/不願搬遷的人,都是基於無法量化的無形社區資產。故此,以公平而又合乎成本效益作考量的重建執行方式,應是參考以往香港房屋協會執行油麻地重建項目時,建立駿發花園的方式──樓換樓。如此則既保存社區網絡,又免去大量賠償金額,亦減少許多爭抝,這樣才真正保障到社會的和諧穩定。


Research Abstract

This research focussed on the relationship between the urban renewal policy and practices and the affected communities. Analysing the situation of the community being affected by the urban renewal projects in Sham Shiu Po, Castle Peak Road/Cheung Wah Street Project;Castle Peak Road/Hing Wah Street Project, Un Chau Street/Hing Wah Street/Castle Peak Road Project, Hing Wah Street/Un Chau Street/Fuk Wing Street Project (K20-K23) undertook by the Hong Kong Housing Society, the research investigates on the societal and economical meanings of the current urban renewal policy and strategy.

Through in-depth interviews, observations of the daily livings and analysis of their life’s stories of ten households in the affected community, the research hopes to accomplish three main objectives:-

1. Through the perspective of sustainable development, this research analyzed the characteristics of the community networks by studying the relations between the utilization of space, interpersonal relationships and economic activities of the community..

2. Evaluate the impact of the current urban renewal policies and practices on the livelihood of the Kaifong (residents) and their community networks.

3. From the viewpoint of sustainable development, assess the ways that urban renewal and community development of Hong Kong should be taken.

Our finding showed that the existing condition of the community in the Sham Shui Po K20-K23 Urban Renewal Districts tallies with the definition of sustainable community development as defined by the international standard. The community contained a diversity of economical and societal energy: the spatial setting and culture of the “old” (developed) district bred reciprocity as the basic bearing of life; a multitude of intangible community capital that benefits the community and society; equipped with self-rehabilitate and re-adjustment capabilities that prepared the community for unknown and unforeseeable events; the possibility of the development of a diversity of economic activities and small scale economies based on direct communication … etc. These characteristics of living described above is a true practice of “actually existing sustainability” proposed by the geographer Whitehead (2007). Furthermore, through the comparison between the characteristics of the Sham Shui Po K20-K23 Urban Renewal District and the mainstream commercial life style, the preservation of the deeply rooted community networks could bring progressive and positive meanings in its development of citizenry value and nourishment of societal harmony in the age of flexible capitalistic society.

In conclusion, through the in-depth research into the Sham Shui Po K20-K23 Urban Renewal District, we discovered imputable questions in the core value of the current urban renewal policies and practices. We suggest the government and its institutions should re-evaluate urban renewal practice and the value it imposed on the society as a whole. Moreover, the research discovered that, most of the households who cannot afford to or do not wish to be removed because of the unquantifiable and embedded intangible community capital. Therefore, the fair and cost effective equal exchange model of a “flat for a flat” that the Hong Kong Housing Society succeed in its Yau Ma Tei urban renewal project — the Prosperous Garden – should be referenced. Only then, we can reach a win-win situation by preservation of the community networks, conserved large fund of compensations and reduced a lot of arguments and disputes. Such exemplary practices will bring better societal harmony and stability.

38 則留言:

  1. 安...辛苦了!祝福你在各個方面都愈來愈好!........................................

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  2. 成功是一把梯子,雙手插在口袋裡是爬不上去的。 ..................................................

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  3. 累死了…來去看看文章轉換心情~.................................................................                           

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  4. 噴泉的高度,不會超過它的源頭。一個人的事業也是如此,它的成就絕不會超過自己的信念。.................................................................

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  5. 人生最可憐的是半途而廢,最可悲的是喪失信心,最遺憾的是浪費時間,最可怕的是沒有恆心。..................................................

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  6. 文章是心情的反應~~祝妳天天寫的都是讓人開心的好文章哦!!............................................................

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  7. 一時的錯誤不算什麼,錯而不改才是一生中永遠且最大的錯誤............................................................

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  8. 死亡是悲哀的,但活得不快樂更悲哀。. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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  9. 一個人的價值,應該看他貢獻了什麼,而不是他取得了什麼....................................................

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  10. 死亡是悲哀的,但活得不快樂更悲哀。. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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  11. 愛,拆開來是心和受兩個字。用心去接受對方的一切,用心去愛對方的所有。......................................................................

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